Coastal communities in the WIO are some of the poorest in the world ; dependent on the ocean for food, income and cultural identity. With global fish stocks in decline,aquaculture has the potential to alleviate fishing pressure by providing socially viable, environmentally sustainable and economically lucrative alternative livelihood opportunities for coastal communities.
Over the last 20 years, CBA in the region has flourished, resulting in a dynamic and diverse field, bringing together communities, businesses, research institutions and NGOs in a range of commercial and non-profit aquaculture initiatives. Despite this development, very little has been documented regarding the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of these programmes.
Unlike the marine conservation and fisheries sectors, within which stakeholders generally seek to monitor and communicate progress, the private-sector nature of many aquaculture initiatives means that results or innovations are often not publicised, and experiences are rarely shared at local or regional levels.
Above: Professor Selina Stead of Newcastle University gives the first keynote speech of the workshop, outlining the importance of CBA for the WIO region.
Funded by WIOMSA, and organised by Blue Ventures and the University of Dar es Salaam, the workshop aimed to address this issue by bringing together aquaculture practitioners in order to develop best practices for the sustainable growth of CBA activities, and establish a regional aquaculture network.
Workshops participants from across the WIO region and Europe were united in their desire to develop CBA programmes that not only benefit coastal communities, but also strengthen the sustainable management of the marine ecosystems on which they depend.
"This workshop is very exciting," said Dr Betty Nyonje of KMFRI and workshop participant, "and represents a chance for those of us working on community-based aquaculture projects to come together and discuss how best to shape the future for this dynamic field, so we can make it successful for the communities of the western Indian Ocean."
The Principal Secretary for the President of Zanzibar's office, Fatima Bilal opened the workshop by saying, "I am confident that this workshop will identify initiatives to expand community-based aquaculture in the region, and help to diversify and promote the proliferation of coastal livelihoods as an alternative to fishing."
Above: The participants visited a community run pearl farm as part of the workshop and can be seen here with some of the famers (far left, middle row) outside their shop
The three day workshop held in Stone Town, Zanzibar was a lively event, with three participatory sessions on the challenges facing CBA in the WIO, the role CBA has to play in biodiversity conservation and the first steps to creating a regional WIO CBA network. Participants also presented their own experiences with CBA in more formal talks, and there was also a field trip to visit a local pearl farm and cooperative shop selling seaweed products and handmade jewellery. Enthusiasm was high throughout, with attendees debating actively about what needs to be addressed in order to develop CBA both for communities and conservation
From the outset it was evident that CBA in the WIO has major challenges ahead, with heavy reliance on donor funding, weak governance and community participation being some of the key issues affecting CBA success. However, with recommendations for how to overcome these problems made and the initial steps of establishing a new regional network for CBA taken, the attendees left with new ideas and new connections.
The workshopmarks the start of a new era for those working in the aquaculture field to direct CBA activities in the WIO region towards a future thatsupports both the empowerment of local communities and the conservation of their precious marine resources .
Notes for editors:
Blue Ventures is transforming how coastal communities in Madagascar relate to their marine environment by catalysing a sea change in sustainable fisheries management, nurturing lucrative aquaculture businesses, and creating some of the largest locally managed marine protected areas in the Indian Ocean.
The Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Dar es Salaam undertakes research in all aspects of marine sciences, and aims to contribute research and interventions in support of Tanzania’s food security programmes, and to contribute to Tanzania’s goal of attaining self-reliance in marine science and technology.
The Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA) is a regional, professional, non-governmental, non-profit, membership organisation, registered in Zanzibar, Tanzania. The organisation is dedicated to promoting the educational, scientific and technological development of all aspects of marine sciences throughout the region of Western Indian Ocean, with a view to sustaining the use and conservation of its marine resources.