Different approaches to marine conservation suit different geographies and different socioeconomic contexts. Once we have developed a model that works, we support communities to share their experiences and encourage adoption by others. We also collaborate with partners - NGOs, governments, universities, businesses and funders - to catalyse broader uptake of our models.
Our model for temporary octopus fishery closures has spread along thousands of kilometres of Madagascar’s remote western coastline, starting with a single village in 2004 and scaling up to more than 150 closures held by 50 communities to date. Exchanges trips and peer-to-peer learning have been key to facilitating the viral uptake of this sustainable management approach. This model has since been adopted by the neighbouring Mauritian island of Rodrigues, and applied to other fisheries including mangrove crabs and lobsters in the north and southeast of Madagascar. We are also working with partners in Mozambique and Tanzania to replicate this proven approach.
Locally managed marine areas (LMMAs) are evolving as an exciting new approach to community-based coastal resource management in Madagascar and the Western Indian Ocean, with more than 50 LMMAs in the region today compared to just 5 in 2005. We are supporting the LMMA movement in Madagascar by fostering connections between the country’s 36 LMMAs through exchange trips, telephone trees and an annual forum. This network is enabling LMMA managers to learn from each other’s experiences, and is strengthening their voice in national policy-making.
We also work to connect LMMA leaders from around the world, and recently organised a workshop at the IUCN’s World Conservation Congress in South Korea. The event brought together 16 LMMA representatives from countries including Fiji, Kenya, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, India and Madagascar. They shared how their LMMAs were established and discussed practical ways to tackle common conservation challenges. The workshop enabled them to forge strong relationships that now underpin ongoing dialogue among LMMA communities worldwide.
|Locally-managed marine areas: towards a global learning network|